Overall US spending on international non-proliferation efforts.
Russia and US Sign Joint Understanding
Published Monday, July 6th, 2009
This week, President Obama is holding talks with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev regarding the further reduction of nuclear stockpiles. In a press briefing, both presidents expressed a desire to “reset” their relationship and work together on global issues that Russia called their “special responsibility.” One of the more pressing issues is the deadline for the START I treaty, which is to expire on December 5. Both Presidents signed a joint understanding that called for a legally binding treaty. The provisions call for the US and Russia to reduce their respective strategic warheads to a range of 1,000 to 1,675 — down from 2,200 — and their delivery vehicles to a range of 500 to 1,100. The previous START I treaty allowed for a maximum of 2,200 warheads and 1,600 vehicles.
Russia and the United States are the leading repositories of active and inactive nuclear warheads, topping out at 16,000 and 9960 respectively, followed far behind by France and the United Kingdom at around 200 warheads. The US campaign for the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons has taken a more active role in reducing weapons as spending for the Defense program doubled from $874 million to $1,726 million in 2007. Plus, what the US does have in warheads is maintained by $5 billion in test and analysis each year to ensure they are still viable weapons; reports for Russian spending for maintaining their stockpile is not available.
Russia Moves to Balance NATO Missile Shield
Published Wednesday, November 5th, 2008
Russia is reported to begin deploying the short-range Iskander missiles in the Kaliningrad region which would “neutralize” the planned US anti-missile shield in Poland and the Czech Republic. The missile made by RIA Novosti described the weapons system as “a tactical surface-to-surface missile complex designed to deliver high-precision strikes at a variety of ground targets at a range of up to 170 miles.” The Iskander-E carries only a single warhead with a payload of up to 880 pounds, staying within the parameters determined by the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). Other features include stealth technology, circular-error probability of only 30 meters (around 100 feet), duel carriage system and solid-fuel capacity make the system a formidable new comer to the missile market. Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev did not say whether the new Iskander missile have been fitted with nuclear warheads.
Russia and the US are the world’s largest holders of Ballistic Missiles of all sort, both active and inactive. The U.S. holds approximatly 9960 nuclear missiles 5735 of which are active (ready to go), but we pale in comparison with Russia with at 16,000 nuclear missiles 7200 which are active. In the effort to curb the creation of more weapons of mass distruction, most every country, including Russia, has signed the Non-Proliferation Agreement and adhere to the MTCR. President Bush has increased spending for Department of Defense Non-Proliferation Program, which has increased from $874 Million in 2000 to $1,726 million in 2007.
The Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation - http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/policy/nonproliferation/analysis_c110_hr_1585/
The Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation is a Washington, D.C. based 501(c)3 non-profit, non-partisan policy organization that produces timely research, analysis, and commentary on numerous peace and security issues.
Defense Reform - http://www.unausa.org/site/pp.asp?c=fvKRI8MPJpF&b=667579
The underlying principles for Defense Reform are to focus the enterprise on a unifying vision, commit the leadership to change, focus on core competencies, streamline organizations for agility, invest in people, exploit information technology, and break down barriers between organizations.